By; JACOB ONJEWU DICKSON
The NIgeria Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme (NTBLCP) has said that early diagnosis and treatment of the killer disease, Tuberculosis (TB) is key to dealing with the disease.
NTBLCP’s Mrs. Itohowo Uko expressed this, when presenting a paper titled, “TB Situation in Nigeria: Why the Media Needs To Talk About It” at a one-day orientation programme for NIgerian journalists.
She explained that TB is an infectious disease, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that affects mainly the lungs and other parts of the body.
She explained that TB is among top 10 causes of death worldwide.
“Based on 2020 WHO Global TB report, Nigeria is ranked 1 in Africa and 6 globally among the 30 high T8 burden countries, Nigeria is also on the list of 14 countries with the triple burden of TB HIV associated TB and drug resistantTB,” she said.
Speaking further, she explained that only 31% (138.573 TB cases) of existing patients were notified to the authorities in 2020 National harmonization Data, 2020).
Uko said that common symptoms of TB are Cough (of two weeks or more), loss of weight (when you are not trying to lose weight) and night sweats (when others close by are not sweating like that of low fever.
“TB is spread through the alr when the person with TB of the lung’s coughs, sneezes, sings or talks,” she explained.