By; MATTHEW UKACHUNWA, Lagos
As it strives to meet 2023 goal of trans fats elimination, World Health Organization (WHO) has expressed concern that some countries are yet to eliminate industrial trans fats from their food supply.
It warned that the substance is harnful for human consumption.
For example, consumption of industrially produced trans fats is estimated to cost around 500,000 deaths in a year due to coronary heart disease, WHO said.
The Organization disclosed that at present, more than three billion people are protected from harmful trans fat in their food, but is sad that 11 out of 15 countries with the most coronary heart disease deaths due to trans fats have yet to take actions to eliminate the substances.
“Two years into the World Health Organization’s (WHO) ambitious effort to eliminate industrially produced trans fats from the global food supply, the Organization reports that 58 countries so far have introduced laws that will protect 3.2 billion people from the harmful substance by the end of 2021,” the international authority on public health stated.
But more than 100 countries still need to take actions to remove these harmful substances from their food supplies, the United Nations (UN) health agency wrote in a news statement.
“In a time when the whole world is fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, we must make every effort to protect people’s health. That must include taking all steps possible to prevent noncommunicable diseases that can make them more susceptible to the coronavirus, and cause premature death,” WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said. “Our goal of eliminating trans fats by 2023 must not be delayed.”
According to WHO, fifteen countries account for approximately two thirds of the worldwide deaths linked to trans fat intake.
“Of these, four (Canada, Latvia, Slovenia, United States of America) have implemented WHO-recommended best-practice policies since 2017, either by setting mandatory limits for industrially produced trans fats to 2% of oils and fats in all foods or banning partially hydrogenated oils (PHO).
“But the remaining 11 countries (Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Ecuador, Egypt, India, Iran, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, Republic of Korea) still need to take urgent action,” WHO highlighted.
It declared that the report highlights two encouraging trends: That first, when countries do act, they overwhelmingly adopt best-practice policies rather than less restrictive ones, adding that new policy measures passed and/or introduced in the past year in Brazil, Turkey and Nigeria all meet WHO’s criteria for best-practice policies. Countries, such as India, that have previously implemented less restrictive measures, are now updating policies to align with best practice, WHO pointed out.
Second, it stressed, regional regulations that set standards for multiple countries are becoming increasingly popular, emerging as a promising strategy for accelerating progress towards global elimination by 2023.
The UN establishment emphasized that in 2019, the European Union passed a best-practice policy, and all 35 countries that are part of the WHO American Region/Pan American Health Organization unanimously approved a regional plan of action to eliminate industrially produced trans fats by 2025.
Together, these two regional initiatives have the potential to protect an additional 1 billion people in more than 50 countries who were not previously protected by trans fat regulations, according to WHO.
“With the global economic downturn, more than ever, countries are looking for best buys in public health,” said Dr Tom Frieden, President and CEO of Resolve to Save Lives. “Making food trans fat-free, saves lives and saves money, and, by preventing heart attacks, reduces the burden on health care facilities.”
WHO voiced outrage that despite the encouraging progress, important disparities persist in policy coverage by region and country income level.
It remarked that most policy actions to date, including those passed in 2019 and 2020, have been in higher-income countries and in the WHO Regions of the Americas and Europe.
It also explained that best-practice policies have been adopted by seven upper-middle-income countries and 33 high-income countries, and disclosed that no low-income or lower-middle-income countries have yet done so.